Dr. Rick Rollins


  • Ph.D. (Forestry – Tourism and Recreation)

Teaching Area: Parks and Protected Areas, Research Methods, Statistics, Heritage Interpretation

Areas of Special Interest: Environmental issues and conservation, outdoor recreation, adventure tourism, ecotourism, national parks, marine protected areas, international development



  • University College Professor
    Department of Recreation and Tourism Management
    Faculty of Management
    Vancouver Island University,
    Nanaimo, BC


  • Consultant to Parks Canada, BC Parks, Capital Regional Parks (Victoria), Nanaimo Regional District



Dearden, P, Bennett, M., & Rollins, R. (in press). Dive specialization in Phuket: Implications for reef conservation. Environmental Conservation.33 (4)
Dearden, P, Bennett, M., & Rollins, R.(in press).  Perceptions of diving impacts and implications for reef conservation.  Coastal Management.
Roman, G., Dearden, P, Rollins, R. (in press).  Application of Zoning and Limits of Acceptable Change to Manage Snorkelling Tourism. Environmental Management

Delamere, T. & Rollins, R.  (in press).  Testing the reliability and validity of the festival impact attitude scale.  Annals of Tourism Research

Vaugeois, N. & Rollins, R. (in press).  Mobility into tourism:  Refuge employer. Annals of Tourism Research
Dearden, P., M. Bennett and R. Rollins (2006).  Diving as Ecotourism: Insights on Impacts. Proceedings:  Second International Conference on the Management of Coastal Recreational Resources.  October. Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Insular Coastal Dynamics, University of Malta Malta pp 345-354.
Randall, C. & Rollins, R. (2006).  The kayak tour guide:  An important influence on National Park visitors.  Interpscan, 31 (4), 5-9.

Needham, M. D., Rollins, R. B., & Vaske, J. J. (2005). Skill level and normative evaluations among summer recreationists at alpine ski areas. Leisure / Loisir: Journal of the Canadian Association for Leisure Studies, 29(1), 71-94.

Needham, M. D., & Rollins, R. B. (2005). Interest group standards for recreation and tourism impacts at ski areas in the summer. Tourism Management, 26(1), 1-13.

Needham, M. D., Rollins, R. B., & Wood, C. J. B. (2004). Site-specific encounters, norms and crowding of summer visitors at alpine ski areas. International Journal of Tourism Research, 6(6), 421-437.

Needham, M. D., Wood, C. J. B., & Rollins, R. B. (2004). Understanding summer visitors and their experiences at the Whistler Mountain ski area, Canada. Mountain Research and Development, 24(3), 234-242.

Needham, M. D., Rollins, R. B., & Wood, C. J. B. (2004). Stakeholders’ perceptions of bear viewing tours at an alpine ski area in the summer. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 9(2),        153-156.
Bennet, M,. Dearden, P. & Rollins, R. (2004).  The sustainability of dive tourism in Phuket, Thailand.  In:  Landsdowne, H., Dearden, P., & Neilson, W. (ed).  Communities in Southeast Asia:  Challenges and Responses.  University of Victoria Press.  93-102

Vaugeois, N., Rollins, R. & Dearden, P. (2004).  Rural development by tourism:  A case study in Northern Thailand.  In:  Pealo, W. (ed), International Casebook For Adventure and Ecotourism.  Nanaimo:  Vancouver Island University Recreation and Tourism Research Institute, 21 – 46.

Needham, M. D., & Rollins, R. B. (2003). The lure of summer: A study at Whistler shows what visitors love about the mountains. Ski Area Management, 42(2), 28-29.

Dearden, P. & Rollins, R. (eds) (2002). Parks and Protected Areas in Canada: Planning and Management. Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Rollins, R. & Connolly, S. (2002). Visitor perceptions of Clayoquot Sound:  Implications from a recreation specialization model.  In:  Managing Protected Areas in a Changing World, 1401-1411.

Rollins, R., Harding, R., & Mann, M.  (2002).  Managing for conflict in an urban park setting:  An applicationof attitude theory.  Leisure/Loisir, 26 (3-4): 135-146..

Robinson, D., Robson, M., & Rollins, R. (2001).  Towards increased citizen involvement in Canadian forest management.  Environments , 29 (2), 21-42.

Rollins, R. & Trotter, W. (2000).  Public attitudes regarding user fees in Provincial Forest lands. Leisure/Loisir, 24 (1-2):  139 - 159.

Rollins, R. (2000).  Tourism.  In:  Wood, C.,  British Columbia, The Pacific Province:  Geographical Essays, Western Geographic Series 36,  Victoria:  University of Victoria, Western Geographic Press: 215-228.

Rollins, R., Trotter, W. & Taylor, B. (1998).  Adaptive Management of Recreation Sites in the Wildland-Urban Interface.  Journal of  Applied Recreation Research, 23 (2), 107-125.

Rollins, R. (1998).  Managing For Wilderness Conditions on the West Coast Trail.  In:  Munroe, N.W.P. & Willison, J.H.M.,  Linking Protected Areas With Working Landscapes Conserving Biodiversity, Wolfville, Nova Scotia: S.A.M.P.A.

Rollins, R.  (1997).  Validation of TIAS as a Tourism Impact Tool.  Annals of Tourism Research, 24 (2), p.p. 37-41

Rollins, R. & D. Nichols.  (1994). Leisure Constraints, Attitudes and Behavior of People with Activity Restricting Physical Disabilities. In: I. Henry (ed.),  Leisure: Modernity, Postmodernity and Lifestyles pp 277-290.
Rollins, R., H. Hamilton, & S. Hegmann (1994).  Managing for Wilderess on the West Coast Trail: A Case Study of Social Science and Resource Management. Research Links, 1, (3), Winter, pp. 12.

Rollins, R. & Zhang Liming (1994). Classic Chinese Rock Gardens.  Landmark, Winter, pp 18-19.

Dearden, P. & Rollins, R. (eds) (1993). Parks and Protected Areas in Canada: Planning and Management. Toronto: Oxford University Press.

Dearden, P. & Rollins  (1993).  The Times They Are A-Changin'.  In Dearden & Rollins (eds).  Parks and Protected Areas in Canada:  Planning and Management.  Toronto: Oxford University  Press,  1-16.

Rollins, R.  (1993). Managing the National Parks. In: Dearden & Rollins (eds).  Parks and Protected Areas In Canada: Planning and Management.  Toronto:  Oxford University Press, pp 75-96.

Rollins, R. & Dearden, P. (1993).  Challenges For the Future.  In:  Dearden & Rollins (eds).  Parks andProtected Areas In Canada:  Planning and Management.  Toronto:  Oxford University Press, pp 291 - 298.

Rollins, R. & S. Dickoff (1992). Ecotourism, Community Development, and National Parks: Case Studies From British Columbia. In: Proceedings, World Ecotourism Conference, Belize.

Rollins, R. & Zhang Liming (1992). Natural Conservation and Recreational Resorts in Suburbs and Countryside. World Forestry Research (Nanjing, China), pp 43-49.

Rollins, R. & J. Rouse  (1992).  Segmenting Backcountry Visitors by Setting Preferences. In: Willison, J.H.M., J.H.M.Bondrup-Nielson, S., Drysdale, H.T.B., Munro, N.W.P.(eds.)  Science and the Management of Protected Areas, New York: Elsevier, pp 485-498.

Rollins, R., B. Dyck, & T. Frechette (1992). Visitor Management in Parks and Protected Areas: Applications of Public Surveys Conducted in British Columbia. In: Wilson, J.H.M.Bondrup-Nielson, S., Drysdale, H.T.B., Munro, N.W.P.(eds.) , Science and the Management of Protected Areas, New York: Elsevier, pp 505-512.

Payne, R.J., R. Rollins, S. Tamm and C. Nelson (1992). Managing Social Impacts of Parks and Protected Areasin Northern Canada. In: Willison, J.H.M. et al (ed): Science and the Management of Protected Areas,   New York: Elsevier, pp 513-518.

Nichols, D., R. Rollins, & P, McNamara (1991). Family centred care and leisure programming. In International Research on Adolescents With Down Syndrome, C. Denholm (ed).

Nichols, D. & R. Rollins  (1991). Respite and recreation: A care and service relationship. Recreation Canada,             May, pp 39-43.

Rollins, R., R.J. Payne & S. Cole (1990). Distance education and natural resource management. In Proceedings: Conference on Technology and Natural Resource Management, Washington, D.C., November 12-16.

Rollins, R. & M. Godbout (1990). Changes in Self Concept From A Winter Adventure Education Program.      Abstract published in Proceedings of Commonwealth and International Conference on Physical Education, Sport, Health, Dance, Recreation, and Leisure, Aukland, New Zealand.

Rollins R. & R.J. Payne (1990). Planning and Management of Parks and Protected Areas in Northern   Environments: The Role of Circumpolar Universities. In: The Role of Circumpolar Universities in            Northern Development: Proceedings, Lakehead University Centre for Northern Studies, Occasional Paper #4, pp 300-308. Thunder Bay, Ontario.
Wedeles C.H.R., H. Smith & R. Rollins (1990). Opinions of Ontario Moose Hunters on Changes To TheSelective Harvest System.  ALCES, vol 25, pp 1-9.

Rollins R. & D. Chambers (1990). Camper Satisfaction With Parks Canada Campgrounds. In: Social Science and Resource Manage­ment; Joanne Vining (ed.), Westview Press, San Fran­cisco, pp.91-104.

Rollins R. and L. Romano (1990). Hunter Satisfaction With The Selective Harvest System For Moose Management in Northern Ontario. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 17, pp. 470-475.

Rollins R. & D. Siciliano (1989). An Examination of Recreation Participation and Non-participation Using The Theory of Reasoned Action. In: Leisure Participation and Experience: Models and Case Studies, Vol 6, Conference Papers No. 37. D. Botterill and A. Tomlinson (ed.), Leisure Studies Association Publications, Brighton Polytechnic, Eastbourne, U.K., pp. 51-60.

Rollins R. (1989). Approaches to Campground Management as Developed From Four Planning Models: ROS, VIM, LAC, and VAMP. In Towards Serving Visitors and Managing Our Resources: Proceedings of a North American Workshop on Visitor Management in Parks and Protected Areas, p.357-359.

Rollins R. & R. Warren (1989). Job Satisfaction of Aquatics Professionals in Ontario.Recreation Research       Review, 13,3.

Rollins R. (1987). Hunter Satisfaction With the Selective Harvest System For Moose Management in Northern Ontario. ALCES 23, p.181-194.

Rollins R. & G. Bradley (1987). The Fishbein-Ajzen Model: A Conceptual Approach Linking Recreation          Motivation, Behavior and Satisfaction.  Recreation Research Review 13(1), 22-27.

Rollins R. (1986). Book Review: Studies in Outdoor Recreation, Manning R. E. .  Park News, 22, 2 (3), pp. 40.

Rollins, R. & S. Deiter (1986). Persuasive Communication: An Analysis of Public Input Regarding Wabakimi     Wilderness Park. Park News ,22 , 2 (2) , p.28-29.

Valavaara, A. & R. Rollins (1986). Using Attribution Theory to Measure Motives of Cross-Country Skiiers. Outdoor Recreation Research Journal , 1 (winter) , p. 26-30.
White, K. & R. Rollins (1985). Interpretation as a Management Tool. Interpretation Canada ,13(1) , p.27-30.
Rollins, R. (1984).  Marketing Canadian Wilderness.  Park News, 20(1),p. 2-4.

Rollins, R. (1983). The Issue of Non-Response In Recreation Surveys. Recreation Research Review, 10(4),p.p..5-11.

Rollins,R. (1983). Leadership Certification Revisited. CAHPER Journal 50(1) , p. 8-10

Rollins,R. & D. Nichols, D. (1982).  Outdoor Programs: A Perspective. ANEE , 2(6) , p.25-29.

Rollins,R. & D. Nichols (1982). Outdoor Oriented Programs.  CAHPER JOURNAL, 48 (3), pp.20-22.


  • Gulf Islands National Park Public Advisory Committee

  • Parks Canada Social Science Advisory Committee