Grading Process

UH Course Grading Process (MBA 522, MBA 540, MBA 541 and the ABP)

Student to Course Instructor (First Marker) to Second Marker to Course Instructor to Final Grade

For non-UH Courses, Second Marking is optional. 


The following is the grading system used for the MBA program (note that grades will be translated to a UK scale for UH transcript purposes). 

Grading scheme (effective September 1, 2010)




Numeric Value






First Class: Work of an excellent standard. 





Second Class: Work of a very good standard. 





Pass: Work of a satisfactory standard. 


Referred Pass  (55%)


Reserved for referred passes only. 


Failure to meet the minimum pass criteria


Eligible for referral (unless score is less than 20%. 

Grading Criteria (adapted from UH Regulations)

A Grades

Work of an excellent standard. An ‘A’ grade will count towards a Distinction on the program as a whole. An A+ indicates work upon which it would be difficult to improve within the constraints of the course. 

 A Grade work: 

  • Will frequently be characterised by a degree of originality. 
  • Should demonstrate a thorough understanding of key concepts within the subject. 
  • Will, where appropriate, be characterised by the application of theoretical concepts to empirical issues with appropriate reflection. 
  • Requires that all of the elements of the question set will have been addressed. 
  • Will usually show evidence of reading beyond that specified by the instructor, reflecting a broad literature review. 
  • Will show an ability to approach reading with a critical understanding. 
  • Will show evidence, where required, of an ability to evaluate contrasting viewpoints and draw conclusions. 
  • Will demonstrate a degree of independence of thought, rather than relying simply on the ideas of others, perhaps as contained in the prescribed reading for the module. 
  • Will demonstrate an ability to analyse and synthesise information. 
  • Will always be written in a clear and concise manner, will be well constructed and the argument of the work will flow smoothly. 
  • Will include an appropriate range of references using the recognised protocol. 
  • Will normally be presented to a high standard. 

 B Grades 

Work of a very good standard.  

 B Grade work: 

  • Will demonstrate an ability to integrate theoretical concepts with business or management practice, where appropriate. 
  • Will address the key elements of the question set.   
  • Will provide evidence of a good grasp of prescribed literature. 
  • Will show evidence, where required, of an ability to evaluate contrasting viewpoints and draw conclusions. 
  • Will demonstrate evidence of independent thought. 
  • Will generally be written in a clear and concise manner with a good structure and a logically developed argument. 
  • Will normally be well-presented. 
  • Will include references using the recognised protocol for academic work. 

 C Grades 

Work of a satisfactory standard.  

 C Grade work: 

  • Will demonstrate attempts to integrate theory and practice, demonstrating some understanding of both. 
  • Will demonstrate familiarity with and understanding of prescribed literature. 
  • Should demonstrate an awareness of the existence of alternative viewpoints, where these exist or where required by the question. 
  • May incorporate evidence of independent thought. 
  • Will be generally coherent, though some weaknesses in structure or clarity may be evident. 
  • Will be presented to a satisfactory standard. 
  • Will include an indication of literature consulted, using the prescribed referencing protocol.

 D Grade

The Grade of D will only be used when a student has been required to rewrite a course evaluation item and has successfully passed this referral. 

 F Grades 

Work of insufficient quality to achieve a Pass standard. It may be eligible for referral. 

 F Grade work may suffer from some or all of the following defects: 

  • Fails to address the question set. 
  • Does not attempt to integrate theory and practice. 
  • Shows little or no understanding of relevant theory and/or business and management practice. 
  • Uses little or no reference to appropriate literature. 
  • Displays little or no evidence of independent thought. 
  • Exhibits little or no evidence that the candidate has grasped key ideas. 
  • Contains incoherent language or has severe faults in its construction. 
  • Fails to cite works consulted. 
  • Makes unsubstantiated statements or assertions. 
  • Is unduly descriptive and/or lacks analysis. 
  • Is badly presented. 
  • Is late without having gained permission through the Business School procedures. 
  • Is unduly derivative of (while acknowledging) the work of others, for example, quoting or copying large tracts from published works.